Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

The sacroiliac joint is one of the largest ones in the human body. The joint is formed by combining sacrum and right and left iliac bones (pelvic). There is a small amount of movement in this joint. This joint helps distribute movements of the upper body into the lower body. One of the major problems related to sacroiliac joint is its shock absorption functions.

The common causes of the sacroiliac joint dysfunction include the following.

  • The sacroiliac joint in pain due to arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Pregnancy induced hormonal changes.
  • Biomechanical problems caused due to muscle imbalance, leg length discrepancies, or twisted pelvis.
  • The traumatic injuries caused by a sudden injury impact.

These are the symptoms which may lead to sacroiliac joint dysfunction.

  • Pain is the first sign of sacroiliac joint dysfunction in the lower back, groin, thigh or buttocks radiating down to the legs.
  • The pain in the lower back intensifies upon standing up or walking and is relieved upon resting.
  • There can be other symptoms related to sacroiliac joint dysfunction as well like fever, eye inflammation, psoriasis, and limited motion range.

The patient needs to undergo proper diagnosis in order to get the symptoms checked and get the treatment started. The diagnoses include MRI, CT Scan, Bone Scan, and X-Rays. There are different types of treatment advised by the doctor and it depends on each patient’s health conditions.